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News and Updates

A Multicenter Study of Nutritional Adequacy in Neonatal and Pediatric Extracorporeal Life Support.

Ohman K; Zhu H; Maizlin I; Williams RF; Guner YS; Russell RT; Harting MT; Vogel AM; Starr JP; Johnson D; Ramirez R; Manning L.
Journal of Surgical Research.

A retrospective study of neonates and children receiving extracorporeal life support at five centers was performed.

The implementation of a nutrition protocol in a surgical intensive care unit; a randomized controlled trial at a tertiary care hospital.

Chinda P; Poomthong P; Toadithep P; Thanakiattiwibun C; Chaiwat O.
PLoS ONE [Electronic Resource].

This study evaluated the effectiveness of a surgical ICU nutrition protocol, and to compared the hospital mortality, hospital length of stay, and ICU LOS of protocol and non-protocol groups.

Candida catheter-related bloodstream infection in patients on home parenteral nutrition - Rates, risk factors, outcomes, and management.

Phua AI; Hon KY; Holt A; O'Callaghan M; Bihari S.
Clinical Nutrition ESPEN.

This review clarifies Candida catheter-related bloodstream infections rates by species, risk factors, outcomes, and management to improve effectiveness of home parenteral nutrition programs.

Early outcomes of gastrostomy feeding in paediatric allogenic bone marrow transplantation: A retrospective cohort study.

Evans J; Needle JJ; Hirani SP.
Clinical Nutrition ESPEN.

Comparison of nutritional and post-transplantation outcomes during admission. The primary outcome was parenteral nutrition use, between children who had a gastrostomy placed prophylactically prior to bone marrow transplantation versus those who had not.

Premixed vs Compounded Parenteral Nutrition: Effects of Total Parenteral Nutrition Shortage on Clinical Practice.

Bonnes SL; Austin KE; Carnell JJ; Salonen BR.
Current Nutrition Reports.

Safety of remixed TPN versus compounded TPN when comparing the risk of bloodstream infection.

Long-term outcomes related to timing of parenteral nutrition in critically ill children.

Mehta NM.
The Lancet Respiratory Medicine.

PEPaNIC trial investigators report at 2-year follow-up among patients in a late parenteral nutrition group.

Disparate Candida albicans Biofilm Formation in Clinical Lipid Emulsions Due to Capric Acid-Mediated Inhibition.

Willems HME; Stultz JS; Coltrane ME; Fortwendel JP; Peters BM.
Antimicrobial Agents & Chemotherapy.

We sought to determine whether administration of various clinical lipid emulsions impacted biofilm growth in C. albicans.

Cholestasis affects enteral tolerance and prospective weight gain in the NICU.

Niccum M; Khan MN; Middleton JP; Vergales BD; Syed S.
Clinical Nutrition ESPEN.

We described key features of cholestatic infants receiving parenteral nutrition to assess overall outcomes at our institution.

Major publications in critical care pharmacotherapy literature in 2018

Newsome AS; Bissell BD; Burry LD; Defayette AA; Gagnon DJ; Gilbert BW; Kramer CJ; Miller CJ; Semanco M; Smith MN; Hammond DA.
Journal of Critical Care.

The purpose was to summarize selected original critical care pharmacotherapy research published in 2018.

Changes of plasma acetylcholine and inflammatory markers in critically ill patients during early enteral nutrition: A prospective observational study.

Tao G; Min-Hua C; Feng-Chan X; Yan C; Ting S; Wei-Qin L; Wen-Kui Y.
Journal of Critical Care.

Critically ill patients treated with early enteral nutrition were observed to explore whether this treatment affected Ach levels and inflammation.